… lautet die Anweisung im bayerischen Abitur für den Composition. Schauen wir uns mal an, wie so ein Aufsatz aussieht. Nehmen wir das erste Thema des Abitur 2015/I: „Growing migration to urban areas in the 21st century: discuss the implications for rural communities.“

Der folgende Aufsatz hat genau 250 Wörter:

The world’s population has more than doubled in the last fifty years, most of these people live in cities or urban areas. With more and more people leaving rural areas and moving closer to big cities, life in these areas is changing a lot. Most of today’s urbanization is taking place in developing countries, such as India and Brazil. Most of the mirgrants hope for a better life, where they can manage to feed their families, without having to work in fields the whole day.

This massive migration comes with a lot of drawbacks. A farm is usually a family business, all the family members help out and the son or daughter will get the farm when they are old enough. But due to growing migration the heirs often move to the cities leaving behind their old lives and family. When the owners get too old they cannot keep up with the work and have to sell their land, thus having to move somewhere else to live.

But also in Germany, e.g. in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern you can see the negative implications. Life becomes constantly harder for the remaining, especially older people. There are e.g. no more doctors, factories, shops and cinemas close and public transport deteriorates. Therefore those places become even more unattractive – a vicious circle.

Slowly but surely fewer people will live in rural areas of most countries and cities will grow even larger than they are today. Politicians will have to think how to make rural areas attractive again.

Ist das jetzt ein (sehr) guter oder ein schlechter Aufsatz? Meine Antwort: BEIDES.

Es ist ein sehr guter Aufsatz, weil in der vorgegebenen Wortzahl (wenn man sie wörtlich nimmt) einfach nicht mehr drinnen ist. Es gibt eine ordentliche Einleitung, die beiden Absätze des Hauptteils beginnen mit einem topic sentence, auf den sich alle folgenden Sätze beziehen. Der final paragraph wiederholt nicht nur, sondern gibt eine Art Ausblick. Lehrerherz – was willst du mehr?

Gleichzeitig ist es natürlich ein jämmerlicher Aufsatz. Dieses läppische Textlein soll die Qualität, pardon, Exzellenz des bayerischen Abiturs beweisen. Geht’s noch? Ein „Hauptteil“, der aus zwei Absätzen mit jeweils vier Sätzchen besteht? Lachhaft!

Aber mit 250 Wörtern sind wir ja an der Obergrenze. Erlaubt sind schließlich auch nur 200 Wörter:

The world’s population has more than doubled in the last fifty years, most of these people live in cities or urban areas. With more and more people leaving rural areas and moving closer to big cities, life in these areas is changing a lot. Most of today’s urbanization is taking place in developing countries, such as India and Brazil.

This massive migration comes with a lot of drawbacks. A farm is usually a family business, all the family members help out and the son or daughter will get the farm when they are old enough. But due to growing migration the heirs often move to the cities leaving behind their old lives and family. When the owners get too old they cannot keep up with the work and have to sell their land, thus having to move somewhere else to live.

But also in Germany, e.g. in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern you can see the negative implications. Life becomes constantly harder especially for older people. There are e.g. no more doctors, factories, shops and cinemas close and public transport deteriorates.

Slowly but surely fewer people will live in rural areas of most countries and cities will grow even larger than they are today.

Und dann haben wir ja immer noch unser „about“ (und nicht „at least“!). Die meisten Kollegen interpretieren „about“ im Sinne von „ca. 10%“. Also gehen wir nochmal um 20 Wörter runter auf 180 Wörter:

The world’s population has more than doubled in the last fifty years, most of these people live in cities or urban areas. With more and more people leaving rural areas, life in these areas is changing a lot.

This massive migration comes with a lot of drawbacks. A farm is usually a family business, all the family members help out and the son or daughter will get the farm when they are old enough. But due to growing migration the heirs often move to the cities leaving behind their old lives and family. When the owners get too old they cannot keep up with the work anymore and have to sell their land, thus having to move somewhere else to live.

But also in Germany, e.g. in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern you can see the negative implications. Life becomes constantly harder especially for older people. There are e.g. no more doctors, factories, shops and cinemas close and public transport deteriorates.

Slowly but surely fewer people will live in rural areas of most countries and cities will grow even larger than they are today.

Mit diesem „Text“ erfüllt ein Abiturient immer noch die offiziellen Vorgaben und müsste für Inhalt 4 und Sprache 6 BE / Punkte bekommen.

Fazit: Unsere bayerischen „about 200 to 250 words“ sind ein Witz. Ein vernünftiger Abitur-Aufsatz fängt bei mir bei 500 Wörtern an. Entsprechend sollte die Anweisung lauten: Write between 500 and 700 words.